BOTANICAL NAME: santalum album
*** There are two types of "Sandalwood". East Indian (E.I.) is true, pure Sandalwood which comes from the Sandal tree -- West Indian (W.I.) is really Amyris Essential Oil which comes from a different tree and has different medicinal and aromatic properties.
The Essential Oil of Sandalwood is extracted through steam distillation of pieces of wood from matured Sandal trees which are 40-80 years old. The older the tree, the more oil content and richer the aroma. As far as the quality is concerned, the Indian Sandal (botanical name Santalum Album) is considered the best. There are several other varieties available on the market today, two of which are: the Hawaiian Sandal (Santalum Ellipticum), which is priced as that of high quality Santalum album, and the Australian Sandal (Santalum Spicatum) which is used more commercially, since it is more cost-effective.
The main constituents of Essential Oil of Sandal are Beta Santalol, Santyl Acetate and Santalenes.
Sandal Oil and paste of Sandal is used in medicines, skin and beauty treatments, and numerous industrial products including mouth fresheners, edibles, incense sticks, room fresheners, deodorants, perfumes, soaps, lotions, creams, and many more.
Anti-inflammatory: an agent that prevents or counteracts inflammation.
Antiseptic: a substance that inhibits the growth and reproduction of microorganisms.
Antispasmodic: referring to something that suppresses spasms.
Astringent: a substance that draws tissue together, restricting the flow of blood.
Carminative: relieves discomfort of gas in the digestive tract.
Cicatrizant: a healing agent.
Deodorant: Any agent acting to eliminate, reduce, mask, or control odor.
Disinfectant: a substance that kills germs and/or viruses.
Diuretic: increases the amount or frequency of urination.
Expectorant: a substance used to cause or induce expulsion of phlegm from the lungs.
Sedative: Calming, soothing, inducing sleep, tranquilizing.
Tonic: restorative and curative; intended to invigorate.
Safety Warming: No threats have been found when using sandalwood essential oil. Never ingest essential oils without a prescription. Use carrier oil when applying to skin.