BOTANICAL NAME: cymbopogon winterianus or nardus, depending on stock
ORIGIN: Ceylon, China, Madagascar, South America
PARTS USED: grass
DISTILLATION METHOD: steam
FRAGRANCE: rich, crisp, fresh, grassy, lemon-like, woodsy
BLENDS WELL WITH: amyris, basil, bergamot, cedarwood, galbanum, geranium, lemon, lemongrass, lime, orange, pine.
AROMATIC BENEFITS: refreshing, soothing, stimulating, vitalizing.
MAGICAL USES: exorcism (exterior use), health (maintain), purification, unhexing.
PHYSICAL USES: antibacterial, antidepressant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antispasmodic, arthritis, colds, deodorant, diuretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, fungicidal, influenza, insect repellent, moth repellent, oily skin, rheumatism, stomachic, tonic, vermifuge.
Citronella is a grass that grows mainly in Asian countries and islands of the Asian Pacific. The Essential Oil of Citronella is extracted from two varieties of citronella. The first one is the Ceylon variety, whose scientific name is Cymbopogon Nardus and the second one is Java variety, called Cymbopogon Winterianus. In both the cases, the essential oil is extracted by steam distillation of the fresh plant. While the first variety yields anoil whose main components are citronellol, citronellal, geraniol, limonene and methyl isoeugenol, the second variety contains citronellal, geraniol, geranyl acetate and limonene as its chief constituents. The oil obtained from the Java variety is considered better in quality.
Antibacterial: kills or inhibits bacteria.
Antidepressant: an agent that prevents or counteracts depression.
Anti-inflammatory: an agent that prevents or counteracts inflammation.
Antioxidant: Any substance that acts to slow or prevent the oxidation of another chemical.
Antiseptic: a substance that inhibits the growth and reproduction of microorganisms.
Antispasmodic: referring to something that suppresses spasms.
Deodorant: Any agent acting to eliminate, reduce, mask, or control odor.
Diuretic: increases the amount or frequency of urination.
Emmenagogue: stimulates blood flow in the pelvic area and uterus, causing menstruation.
Febrifuge: reduces fever.
Fungicidal: having the ability to control or destroy fungus.
Stomachic: related to the stomach; beneficial to the stomach or digestion.
Tonic: restorative and curative; intended to invigorate.
Vermifuge: something that acts as a drug to cause expulsion or death of intestinal worms.
Other Benefits: can be used for oily skin, oily hair, abnormal palpitations, colitis, migraine, neuralgia, fatigue, headache, nausea, and abdominal pain resulting from gas or cramps.
Safety Warning: Avoid during pregnancy. Never ingest essential oils without a prescription. Use carrier oil when applying to skin.