BOTANICAL NAME: piper nigrum
PARTS USED: berries, seeds (peppercorns)
DISTILLATION METHOD: steam
FRAGRANCE: pungent, sharp, spicy, woodsy
BLENDS WELL WITH: Lemon, Lime, Lavender, Sage, Sandalwood, Mandarin, Marjoram, Rose, Rosemary, Ylang-Ylang, Juniper, Bergamot, Clary Sage, Clove, Ginger, Geranium, Coriander, Grapefruit, Fennel, and Frankincense.
PHYSICAL & AROMATIC BENEFITS: Clarity of thought, endurance, security, comfort, motivation, communication, direction, decision making, and confronting your fears. Also digestive, diaphoretic, carminative, aperient, antispasmodic, antirheumatic, antiarthritic, antibacterial, and antioxidant.
MAGICAL USES: courage, physical energy, and protection.
Black Pepper Information:
Black Pepper is a spice which is very common and popular worldwide. It is extensively used in culinary. It tastes hot and has a nice appetizing aroma. Black Pepper is the dried fruit of the pepper plant. It was once considered sacred and even used as currency. It was so valuable that it was traded in exchange for gold, and was one of the most expensive trade items exported from India to the rest of the world. The main components of its essential oil are Limonene, Pinene, Myrcene, Phellandrene, Beta Caryophyllene, Beta Bisabolene, Sabinene, Linalol, Pinocarveol, Alpha Termineol, Camphene and Alpha Terpenene. Apart from them, black pepper is rich in minerals and vitamins like Calcium, Manganese, Iron, Vitamin-K, Beta Carotene, Phosphorus, Potassium and Selenium.
Antibacterial: kills or inhibits bacteria.
Antioxidant: Any substance that acts to slow or prevent the oxidation of another chemical.
Antispasmodic: referring to something that suppresses spasms.
Carminative: relieves discomfort of gas in the digestive tract.
Diaphoretic: promotes sweating.
Digestive: relating to the digestive tract; having the ability to promote digestion.
Safety Warning: Skin irritant. Avoid if using homeopathic remedies or if history of high blood pressure. If taken in large quantity, it may cause uneasiness, unrest, vomiting, loose motions, irritation and inflammation of the intestines, sleeplessness. Never ingest essential oils without a prescription. Use carrier oil when applying to skin.